Selling a house: what is an EPC?


Selling a house: what is an EPC?

An EPC is an Energy Performance Certificate. This is something that you must have before you put your home up for sale.

You may recognise EPCs as they look very similar to the colour-coded energy efficiency stickers that are labelled on new appliances like fridges and washing machines.

What they do

Ranking from A to G, the certificate lets you know how energy efficient the property is. Being energy efficient means using less energy for the same job. If your home gets a grade A, this means it is very efficient and there is probably little room to improve on. But if it’s a grade E, F or G, there will likely be a lot of areas you can work on.

The EPC lists the areas you can make more energy efficient, and it will show you how much you could save by switching to different options. For example, it might suggest you use energy-saving lightbulbs or invest in double-glazing for your windows.

Alongside this, there should be information on how much it will cost the buyer to heat the building and keep it lit up. Your report should also give you an estimate of how much carbon dioxide your home gives off.

If you already have an EPC from the previous owner, it’s important to check whether it is still valid. If it’s more than 10 years old, you will have to pay for a new one before you put your home up for sale.  

How to get one

You can apply to get your EPC yourself, but if you are selling through an estate agent, they may apply for it on your behalf.

To get a certificate, you must speak to an approved EPC organisation. You can find a full list of the organisations in England and Wales here. If you live in Northern Ireland, head here

The process is slightly different if you live in Scotland, as EPC organisations must be approved by the Scottish government. You can find a list of them here. You must display your EPC somewhere in your home if you live in Scotland.

Typically, you can expect to pay around £60 to £120 for an EPC. Different assessors will charge different fees, so it’s a good idea to shop around to bag yourself a good deal.